How do you improve gut health, what is gut health and why is it so important? This is an in depth article where we deep dive into all things gut health, microbiome, bloating and FODMAP’s. The gut is literally central to so many aspects of our health yet many of us know little about it or how to care for it. Here we try to change this. Enjoy!
Your gut is home to hundreds of trillions of microorganisms, bacteria, funghi, yeast, archaea. This collection of microorganisms are also known as your microbiome . Your microbiome exists In your large intestine, your bowel where you have approximately 2kg of microorganisms. Your microbiome works symbiotically with every system in your body. The health of it directly impacts every aspect of your health. Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine, back more than 2000 years ago said that ‘all disease starts in the gut’. Your gut and your microbiome are believed to be the centre of human biology.
Your microbiome can consist of ‘healthy’ strains of microorganisms and unhealthy strains. Many lifestyle factors such as the foods you eat , your stress levels, your level of physical activity and the quality of your sleep  greatly impact your gut health and your microbiome.
‘Having had more than 20,000 people through our Gut Health Revolution Course we have learnt that the single most important factor for influencing the health of your gut health is what you eat. ‘
Here are some delicious recipes that are packed with prebiotic fibre so great for your gut. If you want to make them easier on your gut choose our low FODMAP recipes.
Fermented foods encourage bacterial biodiversity in our guts . Did you know that 70% of our immune system cells are based in our gut and that most of our gut consists of millions of different bacteria and mico organisms (appox 2kg in weight). Leading gut science believes that the diversity of the bacteria in your gut is directly linked to the strength of your immune system. Fermented foods feed your microbiome and therefore are super beneficial to eat on a regular or daily basis. How to improve gut health.
If you are wondering about probiotics and whether you should take them. Here is an article we wrote with Consultant Gastroenterologist Dr. Alan Desmond all about probiotics.
Fermented foods are often referred to as ‘the forgotten food group’ as they are much less a part of most people’s daily foods as they used to be. Traditionally foods were fermented as a means of preservation, to keep veg from the garden over the winter when there was much less fresh foods. Nowadays most of us don’t need to preserve food from our gardens but actively need to eat fermented foods for their beneficial probiotic properties. Chances are you probably eat some types of fermented foods such as chocolate, coffee, wine for eg. these all go through a fermentation process in their production.
We usually have some form of sauerkraut or kimchi with our lunch or dinner most days, often eat coconut yoghurt with breakfast and having a sourdough bakery we eat sourdough bread most days. It is just getting in the habit of incorporating fermented foods into your daily eating habits.
The main fermentation include – yoghurt, sauerkraut & kim chi, sourdough bread, kombucha, and ginger bug.
Originating from the Turkish word ‘to thicken’, yogurt is a food that has been eaten for centuries; with ancient Indian records describing yogurt as ‘the food of the gods’.
It is traditionally made by fermenting cows’ milk. These days, there are many different plant-based alternatives to dairy based yoghurts available, from soy to almond or coconut, which all taste great and still provide all the probiotic goodness.
Sauerkraut is perhaps one of the most well-known fermented dishes and has been a traditional staple in countries such as Germany, Poland, and Russia for many years. Made of finely cut/grated raw hard cabbage that is fermented with salt and spices. We love sauerkraut and find that it’s tangy flavour goes great with all savoury dishes. A personal favourite of ours is serving it on top of avocado on sourdough bread; it’s a match made in heaven!
While sauerkraut is more widely available in health food stores and restaurants, making your own could not be easier. Here is a video we shot of us showing you how to make saurkraut.
Kimchi is definitely one of our favourite condiments, we have it alongside a lot of our lunches and dinners. It is a traditional Korean fermented side dish, its spicy and savoury and oh so yummy!! It has that distinctive acidic note of fermented foods and as a result is packed with probiotics great for you digestion and immune system.
Traditional kimchi recipes use fish sauce which we have replaced with tamari and a little kelp powder if you have it.
Traditional kimchi uses Korean chilli powder known as gochugaru, which gives it its wonderful bright red colour and spice, it is made with a specific Japanese dried red chillies without the seeds so making it slightly less spicy & sweeter than more conventional chilli powders. You can get it at most Asian food shops and if not, simply replace with a mixture ground chilli powder and sweet paprika.
Here is an easy Kim chi video recipe we made to show you how to make it.
Kombucha is in a sense like a healthier lemonade that is really good for your gut, its a good one to give to your kids, our kids certainly love as do we! It is a naturally carbonated fermented drink that is usually infused with different flavours. It is a great alternative to fizzy drinks as it is naturally carbonated. It is easy to make and there is something beautiful about fermenting your own kombucha at home and growing a good kombucha mother culture (also known as a scoby – symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast) which converts the sugar to probiotic bacteria).
Sugar is used to cause the fermentation process in which it is believed that 95%+ of the sugar is converted to beneficial bacteria. Most sugars work fine, we have found in our experience trying most types of sugar that a simple white granulated sugar works best.
You can buy SCOBY online or if you know someone that brew kombucha then they should have some spare SCOBY’s as they tend to multiply every couple of weeks. You can also leave a bottle of store bought kombucha open (but covered) and a scoby will grow on it in about 2-4 weeks.
Here is a kombucha recipe video we shot of how to make kombucha.
A ginger bug is a culture of beneficial bacteria made from fresh ginger root and sugar. It is similar to a kombucha SCOBY. The ginger imparts its flavor and as it naturally ferments, it creates a mixture of beneficial bacteria. It can be used as the base for a super-tasty lemonade-style drink. Like all fermented products, it’s super-easy to make. Once your ginger bug is made, it can be kept alive and used at any time.
Here is a ginger bug recipe video we shot showing you how to make it step by step.
Bloating is an uncomfortable feeling of trapped gas or pressure in your gut. Bloating is super common and is believed to affect at least 16-31% of the population . In most cases it is short lived and is usually caused by a large meal or a gas producing food.
However for some people bloating is more severe and can be chronic, negatively affecting their daily lives .
Here are 5 scientifically backed ways to help you to reduce bloating
Many people feel that bloating is caused by a feeling of gas in their gut but what is actually causing this bloating feeling? By getting to the root of what is triggering the bloated feeling is super important to being able to relieve it. Through the digestive process, fermentation happens which can lead to bloating. Here are some common causes of bloating
Other factors that are linked to bloating are stress and anxiety and hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle are also linked to bloating .
Certain foods can trigger bloating in you and not in someone else. Each of us have a completely unique microbiome (gut bugs in our gut) which means that we digest our foods uniquely, foods that will cause bloating in your will not in others .
Keeping a food diary/journal is a great way to keep track of what foods could be triggering bloating. It can be a note in your phone or a physical notebook, the main thing is that you record what you eat over a period of a week or so to see if there are commonalities between what you eat and how your gut feels.
Our gut is like a muscle in a sense, if you go to the gym often then your muscles will be used to lifting heavy weights. On the other hand if you do not go often and then decide to do a high intensity gym workout, your muscles will not be used to it and you are likely to feel sore afterwards. The same can be true for our gut and digestion, if you are used to eating lots of fibre then you are likely to digest high fibre foods such as beans easily. However if you eat a standard western diet which is low in fibre. If you eat a meal high in beans, whole grains and vegetables you could be more likely to feel bloated as your gut is not used to digesting the large amount of insoluble fibre.
The main point here is to keep track of the foods you eat over a week to get some insights into what could be causing it.
If you have been experiencing bloating for a prolonged period of time it is important to rule out any food intolerances. Particularly for lactose intolerance and for gluten intolerance. If you suspect you have lactose  or gluten intolerance then cutting them out can help reduce symptoms of bloating.
There are a lot more lactose and gluten free food products on the market now that taste just as good so if you find out you are lactose or gluten intolerant then don’t worry, it is a lot easier now than 20 years ago!
FODMAP is an acronym for fermentable oligosaccharide di-sacharide monosaccharides and polyols. It essentially means foods that are high in fermentable carbohydrates. Most wholefoods contain FODMAPs. These foods are really healthy foods to eat but if you have a sensitive gut or are experiencing bloating then cutting out certain high FODMAP foods for a short period of time can help to ease the symptoms . It can also allow your gut bugs to adapt so that when you start to reintroduce these foods you do not experience bloating when eating them. Often bloating is referred to as IBS (Irritable bowel syndrome – a general term that covers bloating, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhoea and other digestive problems. Many studies have shown that by going on a low FODMAP diet for a fixed period of time can alleviate IBS [36,37].
Some high FODMAP foods (that are all super healthy foods) include:
Eating too much food at one sitting can often lead to bloating. It can lead to stretching your stomach and causing excess gas production . By eating smaller portions you are giving your stomach time to empty and are less likely to encourage gas production.
Also salt from processed foods has been linked to excess water retention in your gut and the feeling of bloating . Along with salt, high fat foods have also been linked with retention of gas and possible cause of bloating [40,41].
By reducing and cutting out processed food and focusing more on whole plant foods you will dramatically reduce the amount of salt in your diet and excess fat too while also increasing the amount of probiotic fibre that your gut bugs love.
“The reason behind why I chose this course initially was to help my symptoms of IBS and stomach discomfort. The course has dramatically changed my relationship with food and my outlook on health. Within the first week my symptoms have dramatically decreased. The happy gut course has enabled me to eat a wide variety of healthy plant based food that I would have never tried previously. The course has changed the way I look at food, I no longer get anxious around meal times about how my body will react to foods, the step by step low FODMAP meal plan makes cooking exciting again and I now look forward to trying new foods. My sole benefit of doing the course was to improve my digestive health, but I have gained so much more, I have built up a knowledge of how the Microbiome works, I feel I can cook tasty plant based foods and I have connected with a wide community of like minded people. So far my experience with the Happy Gut course has exceeded all my expectations and the best investment for my health and well-being. And I will be sad when it ends”.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is believed to affect anywhere from 5-30% of the population worldwide. It is a general umbrella term which covers bloating, constipation, diarrhoea, abdominal discomfort and many other symptoms. Your lifestyle and food choices can have a major impact on IBS such as your stress, sleep quality, your exercise level and the foods you eat . However because the makeup of each of our guts are unique with unique gut bugs (microbiomes) different triggers affect each person differently. With IBS there can be a bit of detective work required to get to the root cause of symptoms.
If you have symptoms that are interfering with the quality of your life then go visit the doctor so that you can rule out any other causes. IBS is usually diagnosed as consistent abdominal pain for 6 months. You may be referred to a consultant gastroenterologist (gut specialist). On our gut health revolution course you have access to many others suffering with IBS and to the gut health revolution course consultant gastroenterologist Dr. Alan Desmond. Simple lifestyle changes have been shown to be very effective at reducing IBS such as improved sleep, stress reduction via yoga or meditation, increased exercise, trying a low FODMAP approach for a period of time.
Reducing digestive stimulants such as coffee, alcohol or sugary drinks can also help .
Just like with reducing bloating keeping a food diary can be very useful to try to identify possible triggers of your symptoms.
Case Study: Peter O’Toole
About 2 years ago my entire immune system seemed to collapse and I developed around 6 auto-immune conditions overnight. I had severe difficulty in breathing, even standing up was enough to put me out of breath. I developed numerous skin conditions, one being extreme pain and sensitivity to anything touching my skin, even the feel of clothing on my skin was painful. I had zero energy, constantly felt as if I was in a permanent state of exhaustion and suffered with pounding headaches and nausea. As if all of this wasn’t enough, I also developed rheumatoid arthritis in my right hand.
In the search for answers, I went to countless doctors both in Ireland and the UK who, frustratingly, had no answers whatsoever for me. I struggled to find a doctor who would look at where these conditions were coming from as opposed to simply treating the symptoms. I eventually found a functional doctor who diagnosed me with Dysbiosis which is a microbial imbalance in the gut. This apparently caused my immune system to collapse and for my body to start attacking itself.
I then came across The Happy Gut course and I knew it was just the answer I was looking for to rebuild my gut and start getting my health back. The thought of going vegan petrified me as I didn’t know how to even make toast, let alone cook a meal from scratch! I knew that giving up milk, chocolate and cheese was going to be incredibly tough, however, I was willing to go ‘cold-tofu’ as my health was more important than anything else.
After I followed the first few recipes and produced food that blew my socks off with taste, I began to get excited beyond belief about food for the first time in my life! My diet used to be very processed and bland, and everything I ate came from a packet, with the same food being eaten all the time. Now, I eat a huge variety of fruits and vegetables in the most amazing dishes every single day and I couldn’t wait for my next meal.
A year later, I have made a full recovery from every symptom with the exception of arthritis, which I am still working on. I couldn’t be happier with the new direction my life has taken and this love for fresh whole food is something I will never change.
by dietician Rosie Martin
Supporting people with an unhappy gut makes up a substantial part of my day-to-day work as a dietitian. Through supporting people with digestive issues, I have witnessed the dramatic impact diet and lifestyle can have, not just on someone’s gut health and symptoms, but their ability to carry out everyday activities and enjoy their life. Through my dietetic clinics, I also see the dramatic effect that a low FODMAP diet plan can have when nothing else seems to help . The low FODMAP diet is a short-term plan allowing individuals to identify which specific fermentable carbohydrates (FODMAP) impact their symptoms, and enable them to take back control of their gut health long-term using the valuable information they have gained. FODMAP is an acronym which stands for “Fermentable Oligo-saccharides, Di-saccharides, Mono-saccharides and Polyols” .
Within healthcare, dietitians only use a strict low FODMAP diet when other potential causes of symptoms have been ruled out e.g. coeliac disease or IBD (inflammatory bowel disease). This is important so nothing more serious is missed. Having helped more than 20,000 people through our Gut Health Revolution Course, Dr. Alan, Steve, Dave, Simone and myself have all been amazed at the vast number of stories we have heard from people struggling with gut issues when moving to predominantly, or exclusively, plant-based diet. Switching to a whole food plant based diet can dramatically increase the levels of both fibre and FODMAPs in the diet; this is very healthy for our friendly gut microbiota which thrive on these foods, but can lead to an array of short-term symptoms including bloating, flatulence, abdominal pain, and loose stools or constipation (or both!).
The Happy Pear’s Gut Health Revolution team has all the skills, knowledge and experience to bring you a tasty and nutritious plan backed by science, focussed on improving your digestive symptoms. We aim to help you learn, not just more about your gut and its significance to other aspects of your health, but also to give you the practical skills to remove and re-introduce those foods that may be an issue for you. We are absolutely delighted with the results that we have seen from this plan so far, and I am confident that this will help many more people embrace a plant-based lifestyle, without having to experience the discomfort and frustration of an unhappy gut!
If you are struggling to beat the bloat and don’t want to follow our 4 week approach it’s a good idea to build at least some of your meals in a FODMAP-controlled manner. Most cookbooks do not take this important issue into account. Garlic, onions, cashew nuts, chickpeas and lentils are all healthy choices, but are also all high in FODMAPs. Many plant-based recipes use these foods in significant quantities, often in combination! In the Gut Health Revolution Course all the recipes have a ‘beat the bloat’ swaps in them to make the meal low FODMAP so will be easy on your digestion while also being high in fibre.
“I was down a jean size after 8 days of the course and they’re getting looser each week :). I’ve had bloating and the rest for 30 years. This is the first time I have had 90% reduction of symptoms while eating 3 meals a day. At other times I had no symptoms because I was eating next to nothing. I think the main point for me is the Happy Gut Course gives me a way of life where I;m feeling healthy and therefore in balance with life. Head fog has gone, joint pain reduced, bloating 90% gone, mood stable, fluid retention reduced hugely. I was so unwell last Winter there was a suggestion of fibromyalgia which led me here, with a 9 year old I can’t be sick! My almost 18 year old has given up moo milk and is eating more plant based too”